U2is a rock band which was formed in Dublin, Ireland, in 1976. The band was formed by Larry Mullen, Jr., who was only 14 at the time. He posted a notice on his school bulletin board (Mount Temple Comprehensive School), seeking musicians interested in forming a new band. He had a response from seven boys and they practiced in his kitchen. Mullen played the drums, Adam Clayton played the bass guitar, Paul Hewson was the lead vocalist, Dave Evans , and Dick Evans played the drums. Ivan McCormick and Peter Martin also played the guitar. The group decided on the name of Feedback, for the band. Martin did not come back after the first practice and McCormick left within two weeks of their first practice. In 1977 the band changed their name to The Hype. Dick Evans was in college at this time so he was phased out eventually. The band was thinking more of just a four member group. Dick walked off of the stage during a farewell concert in the Presbyterian Church hall in Howth. The remaining 4 members of the band finished the concert playing their own material under the name of U2.
The band signed with Island Records in 1980. They released their first international single called, 11 O’Clock Tick Tock. The band released their debut album called, Boy, in October, 1980. The album was considered to be one of the best debuts ever released in rock history. Their songs were about death, hopes and frustrations of adolescence, fear about sex, identity confusion, and uncontrollable mood swings. From the album came the single called, I Will Follow. After the release of the album, the group went on a tour of Europe and the United States. The group released their second album called, October, in 1981. This album consisted of spiritual themes. Three of the members, The Edge, Mullen, and Bono had joined a Christian group called, The Shalom Fellowship. This led them to be unsure of the relationship of the Christian faith with rock and roll music. This album was their lowest selling album of them all, so they changed their style again. Bono tried to write the contrast of the single called, Sunday Bloody Sunday, with Easter Sunday. They then went on to release the album called, War, in 1983. This album was more about turning pacifism into a crusade. The album went to number 1 in the United Kingdom and the single from it called, New Year’s Day, was their first hit overseas.
The band released a total of 16 albums and compilations during their musical career as U2 and some singles as well.
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