The Smithswas an English rock band who performed between 1982 and 1987. The group was formed by Steven Patrick Morrissey and Johnny Marr. The group formed in Manchester. Morrissey was a writer and was unemployed. He fronted the group called the Nosebleeds for a short period of time. Johnny Marr was a writer and guitar player. The two recruited Mike Joyce to play the drums for the band and Dale Hibbert was recruited to play bass guitar. Dale only played two gigs with the group then was replaced by a friend of Marr’s, Andy Rourke. The band signed with Rough Trade Records and released their first single called, Hand In Glove, in May, 1983. The record did not reach the charts. The next two songs, This Charming Man, and What Difference Does It Make, received a little more attention and they began to be noticed more through BBC Radio 1 and by praise from the music press. Morrissey wrote about everyday things such as social statements of life, despair, rejection, death, and vegetarianism, and gained the attention of the younger set.
In 1984, The Smiths released their self titled debut album and it reached number 2 in the U. K.. The group did not get much attention internationally but they still had a fan base which included other countries. They had only limited success commercially and none of their single records ever reached higher than number 10 on the charts.
In 1985 the band released their second album called, Meat is Murder. The band also went on tours, in 1985, in the U. K. And in the U. S..At the same time they were recording the studio album called, The Queen Is Dead. The album was released in 1986, just after they released the single called, Bigmouth Strikes Again. In 1987, the group released the single called, Shoplifters of the World Unite. Some parents felt that this song gave their children the impression that it was ok to steal so there was a lot of controversy over it.
There was some strain among the members at this point and in August,1987, Marr left the group, and by September the band split up. The members did go on to work on other solo projects. There were also royalty claims hashed out in court among the members. In 1996 they were in court to settle royalties claims by Joyce against Morrissey and Marr. The court ruled in favor of Joyce and he was granted a ruling of a back payment of 1 million in back pay, and 25% thereafter.
The Smiths released a total of 12 albums and 18 singles during their careers together.
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